Passive Fire Protection, in conjunction with Active Fire Prevention (sprinkler systems, extinguishers etc.) and Fire Prevention (fire safety education of staff etc.), are the three parts that make up a buildings fire safety requirements.

The basic requirements of a passive fire protection system is to:

• provide vital escape time for a buildings occupants
• safeguard a buildings structural integrity in the event of fire
• protect a buildings assets

• maintain a buildings purpose after fire damage.

Passive fire protection measures are intended to contain a fire in its area of origin, thus limiting the spread of fire, heat and smoke for a limited period of time. This is achieved with the use of compartmentalisation, in conjunction with fire-containing and fire-resistant materials i.e. intumescent coatings and penetration seals throughout walls, floors and doors.

The period of time that a fire can be contained can vary greatly depending on the materials used. Passive Fire Protection systems must comply with the approval of use and compliance required by the local building codes of practice.

In the unfortunate event of fire, an effective passive fire protection design should keep rebuilding costs to a minimum and so help speed up business recovery.